urban resilience, cultural resilience, cultural heritage, design, Italy


For some decades the pure concept of resilience had been the only declination of a little-explored field of research. Nowadays the notions of urban and cultural resilience, socio-economic systems, adaptive circles are part of different academic languages, but their application to urban systems is still limited to a predominant environmental view. This text highlights a possible reading of the aforementioned concepts in the historical urban heritage and in the cultural legacy of the Italian context, taking as examples the protected built heritage and the traditional craftmanship ability – lately evolved into ‘industrial design’. These fields, bonded among themselves, will be studied empirically in order to find tangible evidence of the resilient systemic dynamics and adaptive circles, setting up the basis for broad ranges of future researches.


Architecture | Essays & Viewpoint

pp. 46-61


Federico Puggioni

Author(s) Biography

Federico Puggioni, Architect, is a Lecturer and Associate Director of the Urban Design and Development International Program (UDDI) of the Thammasat Design School (Faculty of Architecture and Planning), Thammasat University in Bangkok, Thailand. Teaching, writing and photography are the main activity of his hybrid research on anthropic relationships on cities and territories and shifting realities. Mob. +66 080/65.16.885 | E-mail: fedepugg@ap.tu.ac.th


ANCSA and CRESME (2017), Centri Storici e Futuro del Paese – Indagine Nazionale sulla situazione dei Centri Storici. [Online] Available at: cresme.it/doc/rapporti/Centri-storici-e-futuro-del-Paese.pdf [Accessed 10 December 2020].
Baroni, D. (2011), La Forma del Design – Rappresentazione della forma nel linguaggio del Basic Design, Zanichelli, Bologna.
Bassi, A. (2007), Design Anonimo in Italia – oggetti comuni e progetto incognito, Electa, Milano.
Braudel, F. (1987), Il Mediterraneo – Lo Spazio, la Storia, gli Uomini, le Tradizioni, Bompiani, Milano.
Brusatin, M. (2007), Arte come design – Storia di due storie, Einaudi, Torino.
Bultrighini, I. (2013), “Paralía kaì Mesógeia: ‘Coastalness’ and ‘Inlandness’ in the Ancient Greek World”, in CHS Research Bulletin, vol. 1, issue 2. [Online] Available at: research-bulletin.chs.harvard.edu/2013/10/17/coastalness-and-inlandness/ [Accessed 11 November 2020].
Carpenter, S., Walker, B., Anderies, J. M. and Abel, N. (2001), “From Metaphor to Measurement: Resilience of What to What?”, in Ecosystems, vol. 4, pp. 765-781. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/s10021-001-0045-9 [Accessed 11 November 2020].
Clarke, J. (2016), “From maladaptation to adaptation – Towards a resilient urban planning paradigm”, in Chandler, D. and Coaffee, J. (eds), The Routledge Handbook of International Resilience, Routledge, London. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.4324/9781315765006 [Accessed 11 November 2020].
Clauss-Ehlers, C. S. (2004), “Re-inventing resilience – A model of ‘culturally-focused resilient adaptation’”, in Clauss-Ehlers, C.S. and Weist, M. D. (eds), Community Planning to Foster Resilience in Children, Springer US, New York, pp. 27-41. [Online] Available at: 10.1007/978-0-306-48544-2 [Accessed 11 November 2020].
Crane, T. A. (2010), “Of Models and Meanings – Cultural Resilience in Social–Ecological Systems”, in Ecology and Society, vol. 15, issue 4, art. 19, pp. 1-16. [Online] Available at: ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art19/ [Accessed 6 November 2020].
Cuccia, T., Guccio, C. and Rizzo, I. (2016), “The effects of UNESCO World Heritage List inscription on tourism destinations performance in Italian regions”, in Economic Modelling, vol. 53, pp. 494-508. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2015.10.049 [Accessed 13 November 2020].
Filippini, A. (2013), “Paolo De Poli Artigiano Imprenditore Designer”, in AIS/Design Storia e Ricerche, n. 7, pp. 1-25. [Online]Available at: aisdesign.org/aisd/paolo-de-poli-artigiano-imprenditore-designer [Accessed 10 November 2020].
Folke, C., Carpenter, S. R., Walker, B., Scheffer, M., Chapin, T. and Rockström, J. (2010), “Resilience thinking: integrating resilience, adaptability and transformability”, in Ecology and Society, vol. 15, issue 4, art. 20. [Online] Available at: ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art20/ [Accessed 11 December 2021].
Frantzeskaki, N. (2016), Urban Resilience – A concept for co-creating cities of the future. [Online] Available at: urbact.eu/sites/default/files/resilient_europe_baseline_study.pdf [Accessed 14 November 2020].
Gunderson, L. H. and Holling, C. S. (eds) (2002), Panarchy – Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural System, Island Press, Washington D.C.
Gunderson, L. H., Holling, C. S. and Light, S. S. (1995), Barriers and bridges to the renewal of ecosystems and institution, Columbia University Press, New York.
Holling, C. S. (1973), “Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems”, in Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, vol. 4, pp. 1-23. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.04.110173.000245 [Accessed 14 November 2020].
Holling, C. S. (1996), “Engineering resilience versus Ecological resilience” in Schulze, P. C. (ed.), Engineering with ecological constraints, National Academy, Washington D.C., pp. 31-43. [Online] Available at: nap.edu/read/4919/chapter/4 [Accessed 6 July 2020].
Holtorf, C. (2018), “Embracing change – How cultural resilience is increased through cultural heritage”, in World Archaeology, vol. 50, issue 4, pp. 639-650. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1080/00438243.2018.1510340 [Accessed 14 November 2020].
ISTAT – Istituto Nazionale di Statistica (2019), L’Italia dei Musei. [Online] Available at: istat.it/it/files/2019/12/LItalia-dei-musei_2018.pdf [Accessed 16 July 2020].
Kasperson, R. E., Dow, K., Archer, E. R. M., Caceres, D., Downing, T. E., Elmqvist, T., Eriksen, S., Folke, C., Han, G., Kavita, I., Vogel, C., Wilson, K. A. and Ziervogel, G. (2005), “Vulnerable peoples and places”, in Hassan, R., Scholes, R. and Ash, N. (eds), Ecosystems and Human Well-Being – Current state and Trends, vol. 1, Island Press, Washington, D. C., pp. 143-164. [Online] Available at: researchgate.net/publication/234154407_Vulnerable_Peoples_and_Places [Accessed 13 November 2020].
Maricchiolo, L. (2015), Fenomeni di resilienza dello spazio pubblico di Rabat-Salé – Dall’habitat di Michel Ecochard al progetto contemporaneo, Dissertazione finale per il Dottorato di Ricerca in Architettura – Teorie e Progetto, XXVII ciclo, Università di Roma ‘Sapienza’. [Online] Available at: arc1.uniroma1.it/dottoratocomposizionearchitettonica/Dissertazioni/27MaricchioloLuca_FenomeniDiresilienzaDellospaziopubblicoRabat-Sale.pdf [Accessed 13 July 2020].
Moccia, F. D. and Sepe, M. (2015), “Infrastrutture blu e verdi, reti virtuali, culturali e sociali”, in Urbanistica Informazioni, vol. 263, special issue, pp. 13-14. Available at: urbanisticainformazioni.it/-263-special-issue-.html [Accessed 16 July 2020].
Montanari, T. (2015), Privati del Patrimonio, Einaudi, Torino.
Policy Department Structural and Cohesion Policies (2014), The role of cities in the cohesion policy 2014-2020. [Online] Available at: europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2014/529075/IPOL_STU%282014%29529075_EN.pdf [Accessed 14 November 2020].
Rotarangi, S. J. and Stephenson, J. (2014), “Resilience Pivots – Stability and Identity in a Social-Ecological-Cultural System”, in Ecology and Society, vol. 19, issue 1, art. 28, pp. 1-10. [Online] Available at: dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-06262-190128 [Accessed 12 November 2020].
Settis, S. (2012), Paesaggio Costituzione Cemento – La battaglia per l’ambiente contro il degrado civile, Einaudi, Torino.
Trigila, A., Iadanza, C., Bussettini, M. and Lastoria, B. (2018), Dissesto Idrogeologico in Italia – Pericolosità e fattori di rischio, ISPRA, Rapporti 287/2018. [Online] Available at: isprambiente.gov.it/files2018/pubblicazioni/rapporti/rapporto-dissesto-idrogeologico/Rapporto_Dissesto_Idrogeologico_ISPRA_287_2018_Web.pdf [Accessed 13 November 2020].
UNESCO (2019), Patrimonio Immateriale. [Online] Available at: unesco.it/it/ItaliaNellUnesco/Detail/189 [Accessed 13 November 2020].
UNESCO (2020), Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List, Italy. [Online] Available at: whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/it [Accessed 16 July 2020].
Vale, L. J. (2014), “The politics of resilient cities – Whose resilience and whose city?”, in Building Research and Information, vol. 42, issue 2, pp. 191-201. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2014.850602 [Accessed 14 November 2020].
Walker, B. and Salt, D. (2006), Resilient Thinking – Sustaining Ecosystems and People in a Changing World, Island Press, Washington D.C.
Walker, B., Holling, C. S., Carpenter, S. R. and Kinzig, A. (2004), “Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability in Social-Ecological Systems”, in Ecology and Society, vol. 9, issue 2, art. 5, pp. 1-9. [Online] Available at: ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss2/art5/ [Accessed 6 July 2020].