POSSIBLE AND PREFERABLE SCENARIOS OF A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
THE SUSTAINABLE PROJECT. REQUIREMENTS AND DESIGN STRATEGIES
biocentric approach, anthropocentric approach, bio-psycho-social approach, psycho-physical-social well-being, environmental well-being
Although sustainability has become a key concept in many fields in recent years, its definition is possible for various misunderstandings that have fuelled ‘specialisms’ on issues of ecology and the environment. The emergence of a systemic vision of sustainability and an approach anthropocentric/global that place the psycho-physical-social well-being of the user and the ecological-environmental well-being of the planet at the centre of the transformation processes, has led to a convergence between Sustainable Design and Healthy Design. The paper, therefore, wants to argue that sustainable design can be defined as appropriate participation (salutogenic) in the process of social, ecological, and environmental development of a particular place. Starting from these considerations, the paper identifies tactical macro-requirements at the methodological/theoretical level as drivers/vectors of sustainability and the tactical/operational level families of project actions.
Architecture | Essays & Viewpoint
Cristiana Cellucci, Architect and PhD in Architectural Technology, is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the PDTA Department, ‘Sapienza’ University of Rome. She has carried out research and teaching activities in Italy on the human factor as an integral part of the design and on implementation of the requirements of flexibility, inclusivity and well-being through solutions to improve user interactions with places, equipment and technologies. Mob. +39 380/59.46.017 | E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Arnheim, R. (1977), The Dynamics of Architectural Form, University of California Press, Berkeley.
Bell, S. and Morse, S. (2008), Sustainability indicators – Measuring the immeasurable? Routledge, London.
Bologna, R. (ed.) (2002), La reversibilità del costruire – L’abitazione transitoria in una prospettiva sostenibile, Maggioli, Rimini.
Campioli, A. (2009), Progettare oltre l’emergenza – Spazi e tecniche per l’abitare contemporaneo, Il Sole 24 Ore, Milano.
De Capua, A. (2002), Nuovi paradigmi per il progetto sostenibile – Contestualità, adattabilità, durata, dismissione, Gangemi, Roma.
Druot, F., Lacaton, A. and Vassal, J.-P. (2007), Plus – La vivienda colectiva – Territorio de excepción, Editorial Gustavo Gili, Barcelona.
Engelman, R. (2013), “La misurazione della sostenibilità”, in Worldwatch Institute (ed.), State of the World 2013 – É ancora possibile la sostenibilità?, Edizioni Ambiente, Milano, pp. 51-52.
Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2007), “Integral ecology – The What, Who, and How of Environmental Phenomena”, in World Futures – The Journal of General Evolution, vol. 61, issue 1-2, pp. 5-49. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1080/02604020590902344 [Accessed 11 September 2020].
Friedman, A. (2014), Planning Small and Mid-Sized Towns – Designing and Retrofitting for Sustainability, Taylor & Francis, London. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.4324/9780203107812 [Accessed 11 September 2020].
Friedman, Y. (1971), Pour l’Architecture Scientifique, Pierre Belfond, Paris.
Giallocosta, G. (2004), Riflessioni sull’innovazione – Architettura e produzione edilizia nei regimi di complessità delle fasi storiche di sviluppo del costruire, Alinea, Firenze.
Gottlieb, R. S. (1996), This Sacred Earth – Religion, nature, environment, Routledge, New York.
Jonas, H. (2009), Il principio responsabilità – Un’etica per la civiltà tecnologica, Einaudi, Torino.
Kaletsky, A. (2010), Capitalism 4.0 – The Birth of a New Economy in the Aftermath of Crisis, Public Affairs, New York.
Kidd, C. V. (1992), “The evolution of sustainability”, in Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, vol. 5, pp. 1-26. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1007/BF01965413 [Accessed 18 October 2020].
Malthus, T. R. (1798), Essay on the principle of population, London. [Online] Available at: esp.org/books/malthus/population/malthus.pdf [Accessed 18 October 2020].
McHarg, I. L. (1989), Progettare con la natura, Franco Muzzio Editore, Padova.
Meadows, D. H., Meadows, D. L., Randers, J. and Behrens III, W. W. (1972), The limits to growth – A report to the Club of Rome’s Project on the Predicament of Mankind, Universe Books, New York. [Online] Available at: donellameadows.org/wp-content/userfiles/Limits-to-Growth-digital-scan-version.pdf [Accessed 11 September 2020].
Norton, B. G. (1992), “A New Paradigm for Environmental Management”, in Costanza, R., Norton, B. G. and Haskell, B. (eds), Ecosystem Health – New Goals for Environmental Management, Island Press, Washington (DC), pp. 23-41.
Olgyay, V. (1963), Design with Climate – Bioclimatic approach to architectural regionalism, Princeton University Press, Princeton (NJ).
Ordway, S. H. (1956), “Possible limits of raw-material consumption”, in Thomas W. L., Man’s role in changing the face of the earth, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 987-1009.
Ratti, C. (2014), Architettura Open Source – Verso una progettazione aperta, Einaudi, Torino.
Ryff, C. D. (1989), “Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being”, in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 57, issue 6, pp. 1069-1081. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1037/0022-35126.96.36.1999 [Accessed 11 September 2020].
Schiaffonati, F., Mussinelli, E. and Gambaro, M. (2011), “Tecnologie dell’Architettura per la Progettazione Ambientale | Architectural technology for environmental design”, in Techne, vol. 1, pp. 48-53. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.13128/Techne-9434 [Accessed 11 September 2020].
Schumacher, E. F. (1973), Small is Beautiful – Economics as if people mattered, Blond & Briggs, New York.
Shaler, N. (1910), Man and the earth, Duffield & Company, New York.
Valle, L. (2011), Dall’ecologia all’ecosofia – Percorsi epistemologici ed etici tra Oriente e Cristianesimo, tra scienza e saggezza, Ibis Edizioni, Pavia.
WCED – World Commission on Environment and Development (1987), Our Common Future – Report of WCED, United Nations. [Online] Available at: netzwerk-n.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/0_Brundtland_Report-1987-Our_Common_Future.pdf [Accessed 18 January 2021].
WHO – World Health Organization (1991), Sundsvall Statement on Supportive Environments for Health, Third International Conference on Health Promotion, Sundsvall, Sweden, 9-15 June 1991. [Online] Available at: who.int/healthpromotion/conferences/previous/sundsvall/en/ [Accessed 18 January 2021].
WHO – World Health Organization (2007), Workers’ Health – Global Plan of Action – Sixtieth World Health Assembly. [Online] Available at: who.int/occupational_health/publications/global_plan/en/ [Accessed 11 September 2020].
WHO – World Health Organization (1998), WHO remains firmly committed to the principles set out in the preamble to the Constitution. [Online] Available at: who.int/about/who-we-are/constitution [Accessed 11 September 2020].
WHO – World Health Organization (1992), Our Planet, Our Health – Report of the WHO Commission on Health and Environment. [Online] Available at: apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/37933/9241561483.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y [Accessed 18 January 2021].
Wilber, K. (2001), A Theory of Everything – An Integral Vision for Business, Politics, Science and Spirituality, Shambhala Publications, Boston.
Zaffagnini, M. (1980), “La lunga strada verso la qualità urbana”, in Lombardi, E. (ed.), Modelli abitativi e utenza – L’esperienza danese – La lunga strada verso la qualità urbana, BE-MA, Milano.
Zimmerman, M. E. (2007), “Integral Ecology – A Perspectival, Developmental, and Coordinating Approach to Environmental Problems’, in World Futures – The Journal of General Evolution, vol. 61, issue 1-2, pp. 50-62. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1080/02604020590902353 [Accessed 11 September 2020].