sustainability, resilience, hybrid communities, covid-19, built environment


The circumstances of the global pandemic have affected the dynamics of everyday life, accelerating processes of radical transformation of living, in its physical, social and virtual dimensions, oriented towards the creation of enabling ecosystems, resilient places and communities. Institutional, social and design innovations related to the main sustainability policies, Hybrid Communities of Place – social formations ‘cultivated in digital space’ – and sustainable urban and architectural transformation practices are therefore examined to identify the most concrete, credible and commensurate with the complexity of this century’s challenges. In a post-pandemic perspective, the contribution suggests to consider public residential neighbourhoods as places of great physical and social, energetic and environmental complexity, in which to experiment with the renewed values of urban and architectural design.


Architecture | Essays & Viewpoint

pp. 32-45


Lidia Errante

Author(s) Biography

Lidia Errante, Architect and PhD, is a Research Fellow in Sustainable Building at the Department of Architecture and Territory of the ‘Mediterranea’ University of Reggio Calabria (Italy). She carries out research activities in the field of quality of living and socio-spatial studies related to social housing and public space. Mob. +39 388/18.20.607 | E-mail: lidia.errante@unirc.it


Agamben, G. (2008), Che cos’è il contemporaneo, Nottetempo, Milan0.
Bauman (2005), Vita liquida, Editori Laterza, Bari.
Bazzu, P. and Talu, V. (2017), Tactical Urbanism 5 – Italia, TaMaLaCà Srl, Sassari.
CSVnet – Associazione Centri di Servizio per il Volontariato (2020), Il volontariato e la pandemia – Pratiche, idee, propositi dei Centri di Servizio a partire dalle lezioni apprese durante l’emergenza Covid-19, CSVnet, Roma. [Online] Available at: csvnet.it/phocadownload/pubblicazioni/Report%20Consultazione%20Csv-Covid.pdf [Accessed 18 September 2020].
Cuello Nieto, C. (1997), “Toward a Holistic Approach to the Ideal of Sustainability”, in Society for Philosophy and Technology Quarterly Electronic Journal, vol. 2, issue 2, pp. 79-83. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.5840/techne19972227 [Accessed 18 September 2020].
De Capua, A. and Errante, L. (2019), “Interpretare lo spazio pubblico come medium dell’abitare umano | Interpreting public space as a medium for urban liveability”, in Agathón | International Journal of Architecture, Art and Design, vol. 6, pp. 59-72. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.19229/2464-9309/6142019 [Accessed 18 September 2020].
De Certeau, M. (2011), The practice of Everyday Life, University of California Press, Berkeley.
European Commission (2018), A Walk to the Park? Assessing Access to Green Areas in Europe’s Cities – Update Using Completed Copernicus Urban Atlas Data, European Union, Bruxelles. [Online] Available at: ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/work/2018_01_green_urban_area.pdf [Accessed 18 September 2020].
European Commission (2019), Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions – The European Green Deal, document 52019DC0640, 640 final. [Online] Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52020PC0080&from=EN [Accessed 16 May 2020].
European Commission (2020), Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 (European Climate Law), Document 52020PC0080, 80 final. [Online] Available at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52020PC0080&from=EN [Accessed 18 September 2020].
Gehl, J. (1971), Life between buildings – Using Public Space, Island Press, Washington DC.
Gehl, J. and Svarre, B. (2013), How to Study Public Life, Island Press, Washington DC.
Lefebvre, H. (2016), The production of space [or. ed. La production de l’espace, 1974], Blackwell, Malden (MA).
Manzini, E. (2020a), “Cosa sono le comunità ibride di luogo, un nuovo modello di resilienza sociale”, in CheFare, 26/06/2020. [Online] Available at: che-fare.com/cosa-sono-le-comunita-ibride-di-luogo-un-nuovo-modello-di-resilienza-sociale/ [Accessed 18 September 2020].
Manzini, E. (2020b), “Nuova natura – Ci stiamo chiudendo in casa per aprirci al mondo”, in CheFare, 26/03/2020. [Online] Available at: che-fare.com/manzini-comunita-ibride-covid-19/ [Accessed 18 September 2020].
Manzini, E. (2018), Politiche del quotidiano, Edizioni di Comunità, Città di Castello (PG).
Marcuse, P. (2009), “From Critical Urban Theory to the Right to the City”, in City, vol. 13, issue 2-3, pp. 185-197. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1080/13604810902982177 [Accessed 18 September 2020].
MATTM – Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare (2017), Strategia Nazionale per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile. [Online] Available at: minambiente.it/sites/default/files/archivio_immagini/Galletti/Comunicati/snsvs_ottobre2017.pdf [Accessed 18 September 2020].
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005), Ecosystems and human well-being, Island Press, Washington DC.
NACTO and Global Designing Cities Initiative (2020), Streets for Pandemic – Response and Recovery. [Online] Available at: nacto.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/NACTO_Streets-for-Pandemic-Response-and-Recovery_2020-07-15.pdf [Accessed 18 September 2020].
Ogen, Y. (2020), “Assessing nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels as a contributing factor to coronavirus (Covid-19) fatality”, in Science of the Total Environment, vol. 726, 138605, pp. 1-5. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138605 [Accessed 18 September 2020].
Paris, S. and Bianchi, R. (2019), Ri-abitare il moderno – Il progetto per il rinnovo dell’housing, Quodlibet, Macerata.
Rojas, D. (2020), “10 Urban Interventions to Slow the Spread of Covid-19 and Improve Public Health in the Long Term”, in IS Global – Barcelona Institute for Global Health, 10/06/2020. [Online] Available at: isglobal.org/en/healthisglobal/-/custom-blog-portlet/10-intervenciones-en-las-ciudades-que-mitigan-el-contagio-de-la-covid-19-y-a-largo-plazo-mejoran-la-salud-en-general/5083982/11701 [Accessed 18 September 2020].
Sim, D. (2019), Soft City – Building Density for Everyday Life, Island Press, Washington-Covelo-London.
UN-Habitat – United Nations Human Settlements Programme (2016), Global Public Space Toolkit – From Global Principles to Local Policies and Practice. [Online] Available at: unhabitat.org/sites/default/files/2019/05/global_public_space_toolkit.pdf [Accessed 18 September 2020].
UN-Habitat – United Nations Human Settlements Programme (2020), Public space site-specific assessment – Guidelines to achieve quality public spaces at neighbourhood level. [Online] Available at: unhabitat.org/sites/default/files/2020/07/final_pssa_v.1_reviewed_compressed.pdf [Accessed 18 September 2020].
United Nations (2015), Transforming Our World – The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, document A/RES/70/1. [Online] Available at: un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1&Lang=E [Accessed 14 September 2020].
United Nations (2017), New Urban Agenda. [Online] Available at: habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/NUA-English.pdf [Accessed 18 September 2020].
WHO – World Health Organization (2003), Health Aspects of Air Pollution with Particulate Matter, Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide, Report on a WHO Working Group, Bonn, Germany 13-15 January 2003. [Online] Available at: apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/107478 [Accessed 18 September 2020].
Wu, X., Nethery, R. C., Sabath, B. M., Braun, D. and Dominici, F. (2020), “Exposure to air pollution and Covid-19 mortality in the United States – A nationwide cross-sectional study”, in medRxiv | The preprint sever for health sciences. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.05.2005450 [Accessed 18 September 2020].