RESILIENCE – BETWEEN MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION
ADAPTATION IN VIRTUAL WORLDS
virtual worlds, visualization, interaction, adaptation, complex systems
In collaboration with scientists, engineers, sociologists and designers, we have developed virtual worlds for the visualization and interaction with dynamic systems. This allows participants to interact with three-dimensional structures that constantly change and adapt through time. Participants can use simple building blocks to manipulate three-dimensional structures in real-time, allowing them to interact with systems that constantly change and adapt over time. This paper analyses the source and role of change in dynamic systems using virtual reality; particularly the role of constraints and transformations that can generate real-time adaptations of a virtual system. We propose a new design process that allows participants to collaborate with virtual agents. The goal of this process is to create accurate dynamic three-dimensional systems that can self-adapt under constraints and evolve into new spatial configurations as a result of adaptation. The collaboration between participants and virtual agents offers new perspectives on user interaction, dynamic three-dimensional manipulations and about the evolution of a virtual architecture inside a virtual world.
Architecture | Essays & Viewpoint
Adaptation in virtual worlds
Jean-Marc Gauthier is an Associate Professor at Virtual Technology and Design, College of Art and Architecture, University of Idaho (USA). He is involved with research on visualisation and interaction design in virtual reality (VR) and mixed reality. He currently designs fully interactive virtual proteins. His projects include mobility and entertainment in VR and human-machine interface design. He tinkers with storytelling utilizing VR, 3D photogrammetry and artificial intelligence. His background as an architect and animator has taken him in directions that have crossed over many disciplines and fascinating challenges – going as far back as teaming up with a brain surgeon for interactive visualisation, his work on the visualisation of the genotypes of the world’s bird species or recreating in VR – wildlife environments of the Pacific Northwest. He is principal and founder of Tinkering.net.
Cilliers, P., Biggs, H. P., Blignaut, S., Choles, A. G., Hofmeyr, J-H. S., Jewitt, G. P. W. and Roux, D. J. (2013), “Complexity, modeling, and natural resource management”, in Ecology and Society, vol. 18, issue 3, art. 1. [Online] Available at: dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05382-180301 [Accessed 10 November 2019].
Cooper, S. (2014), A Framework for Scientific Discovery through Video Games, Association for Computing Machinery and Morgan & Claypool, New York.
Debruge, P. (2007), “Editors cut us in on tricky sequences”, in Variety, vol. 406, issue 1, pA6.
Fowler, G. and Crist, S. (eds) (2012), Eames – Beautiful Details, Ammo Books, Los Angeles.
Foucault, M. (1967), “Of Other Spaces – Heterotopias”, Translated from Architecture, Mouvement, Continuité, n. 5 (1984), pp. 46-49. [Online] Available at: foucault.info/documents/heteroTopia/foucault.heteroTopia.en.html [Accessed 20 November 2019].
Gauthier, J.-M., Patel, J. S. and McGrath, I. (2019), “Dynamic Virtual Proteins: Visualization, Interaction and Collaboration”, in Trescak, T. et alii (eds), 25th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology, November, 12-15, 2019, Sydney, Australia, ACM, New York, article n. 107. [Online] Available at: https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=3365050&preflayout=flat [Accessed 4 November 2019].
Highfield, R. (2018), Why the Double Helix in Still Relevant, Science Museum, London. [Online] Available at: blog.sciencemuseum.org.uk/why-the-double-helix-is-still-relevant/ [Accessed 4 November 2019].
Krausse, J. and Lichtenstein, C. (eds) (2017), Your Private Sky – R. Buckminster – The Art of Design Science, Lars Müller Publishers, Baden.
Lanier, J. (2017), Dawn of the New Everything – A Journey Through Virtual Reality, Bodley Head, London.
McKnight, J. C. (2013), The Resilience Engine, Generating Personhood, Place and Power in Virtual Worlds, 2008-2010. [Online] Available at: www.semanticscholar.org/paper/The-Resilience-Engine-Generating-Personhood%2C-Place-McKnight/14fa16c1bba7ee188b36b7974f040541dded5daa [Accessed 4 November 2019].
Mukherjee, S. (2016), The Gene – An Intimate History, Scribner, New York.
Novak, M. (1995), “TransTerraFirma: After Territory”, in Sites, vol. 26, pp. 34-53.
O’Connor, M. et alii (2018), “Sampling molecular conformations and dynamics in a multiuser virtual reality framework”, in Science Advances, vol. 4, n. 6, eaat2731. [Online] Available at: advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/6/eaat2731.short [Accessed 4 November 2019].
Pauling, L. and Corey, R. B. (1951), “Atomic coordinates and structure factors for two helical configurations of polypeptide chains”, in PNAS – Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 37, issue 5, pp. 235-240. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1073/pnas.37.5.235 [Accessed 4 November 2019].
Schrodinger, E. (1944), What is Life? The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Sierhuis, M. et alii (2009), “NASA’s OCA Mirroring System – An application of multiagent systems in Mission Control”, in Sierra, C., Castelfranchi, C., Decker, K. S. and Sichman J. S. (eds), AAMAS 2009 – 8th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, 10–15 May, 2009, Budapest, Hungary, pp. 85-92. [Online] Available at: www.researchgate.net/publication/228656100_NASA%27s_OCA_Mirroring_System_An_application_of_multiagent_systems_in_Mission_Control [Accessed 4 November 2019].
Sierhuis, M., Clancey, W. J. and van Hoof, R. J. J. (2007), “Brahms: a multi-agent modelling environment for simulating work processes and practices”, in International Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling, vol. 3, n. 3, pp. 134-152. [Online] Available at: doi.org/10.1504/IJSPM.2007.015238 [Accessed 4 November 2019].
Sutherland, I. E. (1965), “The ultimate display”, in Proceedings of IFIP Congress, pp. 506-508. [Online] Available at: citeseer.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.136.3720 [Accessed 4 November 2019].